- (1600–49)Monarch.Charles I was the second son of James i, King of England and Scotland. His elder brother died young and Charles inherited the throne in 1625. He had his own theological views; he consistently promoted High Church Arminian clergy in preference to followers of John calvin and, in 1633, William laud became Archbishop of Canterbury. Laud’s policies were extremely unpopular. Charles himself was a firm believer in the divine right of kings and was very much influenced by his Roman Catholic wife, the French princess Henrietta Maria. Many of the King’s subjects were infuriated by the tolerance shown to Catholics, coupled with the harsh measures meted out to the extreme disciples of the continental Reformers. The Scots were appalled by his insistence that they follow the English Prayer Book and that their Church be controlled by English Bishops. The result in 1638 was that the Scots declared their Presbyterianism in the National Covenant. Ultimately, opposition to Charles’s policies, political as well as religious, led to civil war, in which the rebels were victorious and the Church of England disestablished. Charles himself was executed by rebel army leaders in 1649, the only English King to meet this fate. For all his indecision and lack of political astuteness, Charles was a virtuous man who led an exemplary family life. Many considered his death to have been a martyrdom and he has remained a focus for extreme royalism and high Anglicanism ever since.C. Petrie (ed.), The Letters, Speeches and Proclamations of Charles I (1935);C. Carlton, Charles I, the Personal Monarch (1984);A. Hughes, The Causes of the English Civil War (1991);C. Russell, The Causes of the English Civil War (1990).
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Charles — Charles, Ray * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Charles Francis Addams, Charles (Samuel) Atlas, Charles Babbage, Charles Barkley, Charles (Wade) Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Charles Edward… … Enciclopedia Universal
Charles X — de France Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles X (homonymie). Charles X … Wikipédia en Français
Charles — ist ein männlicher Vorname, der auch als Familienname in Gebrauch ist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Familienname … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charles I — may refer to: In Kings and Emperors: Charles I, Holy Roman Emperor or Charlemagne (742–814) Charles I of Naples, King of Sicily (1226–1285) Charles I of Hungary, King of Hungary (1288–1342) Charles I of Bohemia or Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor… … Wikipedia
Charles II — may refer to: Charles the Bald (823–877), king of the West Franks and Holy Roman Emperor Charles II of Naples (1248–1309) Charles II of Alençon (1297–1346) Charles II of Navarre (1332–1387) Charles II, Duke of Lorraine (1390–1431) Charles II,… … Wikipedia
CHARLES II — (1630 1685) roi d’Angleterre (1660 1685) Fils aîné du roi décapité, privé du trône d’Angleterre en 1649, chassé en 1651 de l’Écosse qui l’avait reconnu roi en janvier de la même année, Charles doit mener une longue vie d’exilé, plus ou moins… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Charles — Charles1 [chärlz] n. [Fr < ML Carolus or Gmc Karl, lit., full grown; akin to OE ceorl, CHURL] a masculine name: dim. Charley, Charlie, Chuck; var. Carl, Karl; equiv. L. Carolus, Ger. Carl, Karl, It. Carlo, Sp. Carlos, Du. Karel; fem. Charlene … English World dictionary
CHARLES VI — (1685 1740) empereur germanique (1711 1740) Frère cadet de l’empereur germanique Joseph Ier, l’archiduc Charles avait été destiné dès son plus jeune âge à régner sur l’Espagne, puisque le dernier Habsbourg d’Espagne, Charles II, était… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Charles IV — may refer to: Charles IV of France, the Fair (1294–1328) Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (1316–1378) Charles IV of Navarre (1421–1461) Charles IV, Duke of Anjou (1436–1481) Charles IV of Alençon (1489–1525) Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and IV of… … Wikipedia
CHARLES X — (1757 1836) roi de France (1824 1830) Né à Versailles le 9 octobre 1757, Charles était le quatrième fils du dauphin Louis (fils de Louis XV, mort en 1765 sans avoir régné). À la cour de Versailles, la vie du jeune comte d’Artois (tel était son… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Charles V — may refer to: Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (1500 – 1558), also Charles I of Spain Charles V of Naples (1661 – 1700), better known as Charles II of Spain Charles V of France (1338 – 1380), called the Wise Charles V, Duke of Lorraine (1643 – 1690) … Wikipedia